Definition: Valvular aortic stenosis is a progressive disease in which the end stage is characterized by obstruction of left ventricular outflow, resulting in inadequate cardiac output, decreased exercise capacity, heart failure, and death from cardiovascular causes.
* Dyspnea on exertion
* Heart Failure
* AGE – 9.8% in octogenarians
Severe AS can be diagnosed on physical exam:
* Typical systolic ejection murmur at the base radiating to the neck
1. Otto CM, et al. 2020 ACC/AHA Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2021 Feb 2;143(5):e72-e227. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000923. PMID: 33332150.
2. Ross J Jr, Braunwald E. Aortic stenosis. Circulation. 1968 Jul;38(1 Suppl):61-7. doi: 10.1161/01.cir.38.1s5.v-61. PMID: 4894151.